Forming Storming Norming Performing to Increase Team’s Performance

Last updated on December 23, 2022 by

Teams go through development stages as they overcome obstacles and develop their ability to work together. This is eventually a process wherein each member concentrates on achieving a common objective, success, and progress. Meanwhile, these stages of psychological improve team performance. Understanding why things are happening on your team in particular ways can be a key step in the self-evaluation process. Today, let us introduce forming storming norming performing (FSNP) concept to increase team effectiveness. 

Importance of Forming Storming Norming Performing

In the middle of the 1960s, Bruce W. Tuckman created the framework that is used to describe the stages of team development. According to the Tuckman model, as a team grows and gains skills, connections, and the leader adapts their management approach. They start off with a directive style, then transition to a coaching style, then participate, and then delegate, at which time they become nearly detached. The team may now elect a new leader, and the outgoing leader may continue to build a new group of members. In addition to this, the stages of group development provide a straightforward explanation of how groups form. When conducting group work, Tuckman’s technique is extremely useful since it enables groups to reach their full potential.

The Four Stages of Tuckman’s Group Development

Each Forming Storming Norming Performing phase outlines the various team members’ roles and behaviors. This also helps team leaders to anticipate risks and issues as their teams complete a project. A team will successfully complete the project if they follow the steps as they are laid out. 

forming storming norming performing
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Stage 1: Forming

Numerous queries from team members may be seen during the Forming stage. They are expressing both excitement and any fear they may be experiencing regarding their position on the team. Besides, members frequently have very high standards for their team performance and experiences. They might also feel anxiety as they consider how they will fit into the team and how they will work efficiently. Even how challenging it seems, team members are typically eager about what lies ahead at forming storming norming stage. 

During the Forming stage, the team’s main task is to establish a team with a clear structure, goals, and duties. This may help the team members to start developing trust and discuss a problem and offer solutions. Further, the team’s mission and goals can be helped by a strong orientation or kick-off process. It is also a time to set expectations for the team’s output, especially its workflow. However, in this stage task completion may be below average as the team is more focused on building a team. 

Stage 2: Storming

In terms of the success of the team, this is a risky stage. Each team member is assigned a role by the team leader in the storming norming performing process. Also, this frequently highlights a number of unfavorable feelings of annoyance or irritation on the team’s performance or procedure. Members could voice worries about falling short of the group’s objectives. With that, the team can test the ability to deal with conflict and respond to disagreements during this stage.

The storming stage development requires the team to emphasize its objectives, dividing more complex objectives into manageable parts. Both task-related skills and group dynamics and conflict resolution abilities may need to be developed by the team. Likewise, the team members’ frustration or confusion should be overcome with Tuckman’s stages of group development. Team members also have the chance to redefine the team’s objectives, roles, and responsibilities.

Stage 3: Norming

In this forming storming norming stage, the team members start to reconcile or fix issues that could hinder their work or their progress. If the team manages standards and expectations well, members can be at ease in expressing their ideas and emotions. With that, team members may communicate more frequently and meaningfully as they go through forming storming norming. Members of the team refocus on the established team norms and procedures and shift their attention back to the job at hand.

Additionally, the team’s duties may have changed over time as individuals took on other tasks and responsibilities as needed. The team’s effectiveness is improved by recognizing and utilizing member differences. 

Stage 4: Performing

The team starts to concentrate on a common objective and find solutions to any issues that arise. This generally means that while the team’s structure is set, the functions of each member improve. By this time, they are aware of their own strength and flaws which make a healthy relationship in the workplace. The team may also be pleased with their development and take pride in the team’s accomplishments. Anyway, this result of the forming storming norming performing process may be predicted with the cooperation of the team.

While being a part of a high-performing team can be a really rewarding and growth-promoting experience, team development does not end there. The team must continue to concentrate on both process and product, defining new objectives as necessary. A team may cycle back to an earlier stage as a result of changes, such as new or departing members or significant alterations to the external environment.


Taking into consideration that team’s dedication to self-reflection and ongoing assessment improves team effectiveness, the forming storming norming performing method is discussed above. It develops the team’s social awareness and the work efficiency of each member of the organization. We hope that Tuckman’s model of group development will help you to ensure that all team’s goals, objectives, and expectations are met. For more interesting articles like this, keep tuned on GitMind blogs.

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Posted by: on to Tips and Resources. Last updated on December 23, 2022

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